Scientists discovered a new subtype of HIV for the first time in 20 years. CNN, along with AIDS journal, released the study on a subtype of new HIV- 1 subtype L. The strain belongs to the Group M of HIV 1. Study co-author Dr. Carole McArthur said, “We must continue the research on this by using advanced technology and resources.” Scientists have confirmed that this is just an outlier. The number of people suffering from this subtype is very less. Hence, there is no need to panic.
HIV has many subtypes that can evolve and mutate over time. Since 2000, the guidelines to classify the subtypes are available. Multiple antibody tests are sensitive to the types of this virus. However, only one antibody test can distinguish the antibodies into subtypes of HIV. The newly found virus is the first new Group M strain of HIV. Finding diagnostic tests and treatments could be a challenging task for scientists. However, existing treatments can fight broad categories of HIV strains. Hence, the procedure could work fine on the newly added stress. The strain has to pass three classification cases. Scientists were able to classify new strain into subtype L of group M and created the entire picture of it. However, the effects of the original stain on the body are still unsure. This new HIV strain will change the map of the evolution of HIV and its subtypes.
According to the World Health Organization, almost 37 million people in the world have HIV. Among these, 1.8 million people newly affected in 2016. Scientists believe that to end the HIV pandemic, the research using advanced technology is essential. The consequences of new HIV-1 on the human body might be different. The patient might develop other diseases differently. Scientists believe that the existing treatment will be effective on new strain as well.